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Episodes Checklist for Horizon

Chelly Team Profile
by Chelly Team
February 14, 2020


It is Christmas Day in the house of Hastings. The time (the 1830s), the place (a suburban Victorian home), and the atmosphere (after the pudding with the children waiting to be entertained) are ripe for father to stun his audience with his knowledge of the world of natural philosophy. It is a world of exploding biscuit tins, unpredictable hard-boiled eggs, singing drainpipes, and enough amateur science to make young enthusiasts reach for their bunsen burners, and mothers for their smelling salts.

In this special episode, Horizon reports on Erich von Däniken and his theories about astronauts visiting Earth long ago.

This special episode of Horizon shows the latest advances in research into how the visual eyesight system of humans and animals work.

This Horizon special episode recalls the highlights of the past 25 years of the space age.

In the first part of this special two-part series, Horizon reports on the yellow rain problem in South-east Asia.

In this special episode, Horizon brings you a report on space exploration and exploitation. The first half of this episode looks back at the Apollo 11 moon landing, and second the second half looks at the future plans of the space program.

This is the second part, of a two-part special series. In this episode, Horizon looks at the history of germ warfare and the research still continuing today in military labs under deceptive name of defensive biology.

Horizon celebrates twenty one years of work, achievement, and awards with a birthday compilation of highlights from past episodes.

This report by Horizon looks into how the apparitions of Halley's comet came to be predicted so accurately.

Special on Halley's comet

Something peculiar has happened to Britain's weather. During the last two months we have heard frequent stories of forest fires, dried-up reservoirs and even rumours of water rationing. How much of it is true and what is the meaning of the present scare? This special report goes behind the scenes and observes that we are indeed facing the worst drought for over 200 years.

Horizon theorizes how life could be in 2002, using extracts from previous Horizon episodes.

Darwin's theory of evolution transformed our view of the world. But what would he think of the progress we have made since?

An updated report on AIDS, a catastrophic collapse of the immune system that leads to a bizarre range of cancers and potentially fatal infections.

A Horizon special dramatizing the race at the University of Cambridge in 1951 for the discovery of DNA.

Alice Roberts looks through 45 years of Horizon archive material to see how science came to understand sex, strived to solve our problems with it and even helped us do it better.

This Horizon special follows the 20 months preparation of the five astronauts who are to man the American space shuttle Discovery launching on the 29th of September in 1988. This is the first shuttle flight since the Challenger disaster in January 1986.

This Horizon special explores the production and processes behind the scenes of the new five pound note to be launched on the 7the June, 1990, in Britain. It considers the design and production of money and the intricate techniques developed to prevent forgeries.

This Horizon special episode is part one of a three part series on the projects, cosmonauts, and engineers involved in the Soviet Union space program.

This Horizon special episode is part two of a three part series on the projects, cosmonauts, and engineers involved in the Soviet Union space program.

This Horizon special episode is the last part of a three part series on the projects, cosmonauts, and engineers involved in the Soviet Union space program. In this episode, two Soviet cosmonauts risk their lives earlier this year in a dangerous space walk to try and repair their stricken craft.

This Horizon special program explores what happened when the "Giotto" explorer spacecraft passed within 100 kilometres of Halley's Comet.

This documentary by Horizon reveals the disturbing discoveries made in over 40 inspections looking for weapons of mass destruction in Iraq.

This report by Horizon brings you the results of a landmark survey about sex.

This Horizon special looks at the mysterious changes in wildlife that has been reported in the USA and that man's reproduction may also be adversely effected.

Horizon celebrates its 30th birthday by checking on some of the scientific predictions of last three decades.

In this special episode, Horizon examines the use of foetal surgery for life saving operations.

First part of a two-part drama looking at the work and life of Albert Einstein. Mixes archival material with dramatised sequences. Looks at his turbulent private life and the six month period in which he worked out the size of atoms, the quantum theory of light and invented the Special Theory of Relativity.

This is the second part of a two-part Horizon series on Albert Einstein looking at Einstein's life and work. This program deals with the break up of his first marriage, his second marriage to his cousin, and the completion of the General Theory of Relativity which replaced Newton's view on gravity.

First part of a two-part investigation into BSE. Looks into the scientific confusion and official bungling surrounding the problem, which allowed BSE to spread into the human population. Includes an interview with Sir Richard Southwood, Chairman of the first Government advisory committee, who reconsiders evidence they first weighed up in 1988.

This is part two of a two-part Horizon series on Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), more commonly known as "mad cow" disease, and how it is transmitted to humans, becoming CJD (Creutzfeldt Jakob disease), how many people are at risk, and what the chances are of finding a cure.

An update on the earlier 1992 episode, and the continuing story of the Carbon 60 molecule.

Follows archeologist Natalya Polosmok as she journeys to the Altay Mountains in southern Siberia to search for traces of an ancient people known as the Pazyryk. * Polosmok and her team discover and unearth a wooden tomb surrounded by the frozen remains of six horses, uncovering a 2,400-year-old woman dubbed the Siberian Ice Maiden. * The Ice Maiden is buried alone, lying as if asleep, in a wood coffin with a headdress and a mirror. An afterlife meal, a yak horn vessel and a wooden table are also found outside the coffin. Archeologists record the Ice Maiden's height, and discover a hole in her skull and peat packed in her body. *They use radiocarbon dating, tree-ring chronology and biological testing to determine the age of the remains and time of death. *The body is excavated and taken to Moscow for preservation and facial reconstruction. Another mummy, and other skeletons, are discovered elsewhere. *The program concludes by raising the question of who has rights to the ancient graves.

In this second part of the Ice Mummies trilogy, attention turns to Ötzi, the Neolithic man plucked with an ice pick and some not inconsiderable brute force from an Alpine glacier. Once again, as with the Ice Maiden, an impressive set of relationships are on display in the vicinity of the leathery character and his bedraggled belongings. By far the most important man in Ötzi's life is Konrad Spindler, whose chance identification of the age of the mummy upon its discovery catapulted him to stardom and a life of analysis and scientific monitoring. Spindler is fiercely defensive of Ötzi, like Frankenstein and his monster, although the relationship is much less emotional than Natalia and her Ice Maiden. A bewildering array of more minor characters emerge during the course of the film, my particular favourite being a yodeling mountain dweller, included as a representation of how Ötzi has effected the local population. All varieties of archaeological life appear in this film, from Professors zur Nedden and Seidler, whose double act hints at the Muppets Stadtler and Waldorf, to an extra from This is Spinal Tap, Hanspeter Schrattenthaler, whose bare chest and rock star poses suggest he dearly wishes his copper axe were a guitar. Also worthy of mention is the lovable Harm Paulsen, who lives and works in a reconstruction of a Neolithic village and whose lilting Danish tones express some of the more human elements of the sad demise of Ötzi, such as the family he may have left behind, providing a stark contrast to the strictly 'scientific' views of Spindler.

This is the bizarre and fascinating story of the remains of Inca culture, frozen for posterity high in the mountains of the Andes. Evidence has emerged of sacrifice to the mountain gods, whose existence dominated the civilization over 500 years ago. The film traces the frozen bodies of children uncovered by archaeologists in South America, and follows an archaeological expedition to a high-altitude sacred site in search of ritual remains and another body. How did they come to be there? Why did they go to their deaths willingly? What was the religious framework that dictated their sacrifice to fierce gods?

This is part one of a three-part Horizon special about the scientists and others who became explorers in the earth's final frontier, Antarctica.

This is part two of a three-part Horizon special about the scientists and others who became explorers in the earth's final frontier, Antarctica.

This is part three of a three-part Horizon special about the scientists and others who became explorers in the earth's final frontier, Antarctica.

This programme traces the lessons learned from a century of road fatalities. How have car makers learnt to predict the injuries their designs will inflict, and how have doctors learnt to patch up the damage to the frail human body?

In this documentary special, Horizon explores how to solve the problem of sailors being unable to pin-point their exact east-west position on the globe.

Horizon presents a three-part series focusing on weight-gain, dieting, and eating disorders. In this episode, there is scientific proof that we are not always in control of our appetites and weight, and introduces the hormone called Leptin.

Horizon presents a three-part series focusing on weight-gain, dieting, and eating disorders. In this episode, Horizon examines the shift away from invasive dieting methods to more natural weight-loss strategies, based on products already present in the food we eat.

Horizon presents a three-part series focusing on weight-gain, dieting, and eating disorders. In this episode, Horizon looks at the eating disorders called Anorexia and Bulimia.

This is part one of a two-part special Horizon series about Atlantis. In this episode, Horizon explores the mystery of whether Atlantis really did exist. Was there really, about 12,000 years ago, a fabulous city whose people had already evolved into a sophisticated civilization with culture and society, writing, astronomy, religion, monument-building, while everyone else was still living in the Stone Age?

This is part two of a two-part special Horizon series about Atlantis. In this episode, Horizon puts Graham Hancock's controversial theories about the past to the test, dissecting his evidence for a lost civilization.

Will we find the magic formula that allows us to live forever in the 21st Century?

Ancient diseases we thought we had defeated are returning to haunt us, and plagues of new viruses and bacteria are now emerging.

Will we ever be able to hand-pick genes to manufacture our own tailor-made baby?

Horizon explores how the search for Martians is hotting up.

Tantalising new evidence has emerged that life could exist on Mars. But to find out for sure humans will have to journey to this dry, frozen planet.

In August 2000, the Russian submarine, the Kursk, sank with the loss of 118 lives. It was a tragedy which shocked the world. But to many the tragedy remains incomprehensible, for the Kursk had been built to be unsinkable. How could this submarine have foundered?

In this documentary, Horizon reports on a skeleton was found 50 years ago in Southern Italy. The bone structure suggests the owner was an ancient athlete.

A team of doctors conducts potentially life-saving experiments in Horizon's 'death zone' This two-part special follows a team of doctors conducting a series of groundbreaking experiments as they climb Everest, the world's highest peak. From their laboratory tents, pitched in -25&degC conditions, the experts use their own bodies for medical tests. They push themselves to the limit to better understand the human body's behaviour in a low-oxygen environment. The team hopes their work will lead to new, life-saving treatments for intensive care patients suffering from hypoxia, a shortage of oxygen in the body.

A team of doctors conducts potentially life-saving experiments in Horizon's 'death zone' This two-part special follows a team of doctors conducting a series of groundbreaking experiments as they climb Everest, the world's highest peak. From their laboratory tents, pitched in -25&degC conditions, the experts use their own bodies for medical tests. They push themselves to the limit to better understand the human body's behaviour in a low-oxygen environment. The team hopes their work will lead to new, life-saving treatments for intensive care patients suffering from hypoxia, a shortage of oxygen in the body.

Professor Jim Al Khalili delves into over 50 years of the BBC science archive to tell the story behind the emergence of one of the greatest theories of modern science, the Big Bang. The remarkable idea that our universe simply began from nothing has not always been accepted with the conviction it is today and, from fiercely disputed leftfield beginnings, took the best part of the 20th century to emerge as the triumphant explanation of how the universe began. Using curious horn-shaped antennas, U-2 spy planes, satellites and particle accelerators, scientists have slowly pieced together the cosmological jigsaw, and this documentary charts the overwhelming evidence for a universe created by a Big Bang.

First of a two-part special. Ten volunteers have come together for an extraordinary test. Five are 'normal' and the other five have been officially diagnosed as mentally ill. Horizon asks if you can tell who is who, and considers where the line between sanity and madness lies.

Second part of the special documentary considering where the line between sanity and madness lies as ten volunteers come together for an extraordinary test. With five 'normal' volunteers and five who have been officially diagnosed as mentally ill, Horizon asks if you can tell who is who.

Professor Brian Cox takes a look through nearly 50 years of BBC archive at the story of man's relationship with the Moon.

In the wake of the swine flu outbreak, virologist Dr Mike Leahy goesw back over 50 years of BBC archives to explore the history of pandemics: waves of infectious diseases caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites. Inspired primarily by the Horizon back catalogue, he works his way through the diseases that have been tackled head-on through the 20th Century: polio, malaria, smallpox, AIDS, and up to the present day with SARS and the H5N1 bird-flu virus. Each pandemic episode tells us something about the world and our place within it. In his trip through the ages and the archives, Dr Leahy charts science's ongoing battle with nature and questions which one is winning. He makes a reasonable fist of the exercise, but is somewhat up against it as his source material can be patchy - first triumphant about man's successes and then defeatist when the previous triumph didn't work out quite as planned, etc.

The intriguing possibility of life on Mars has fuelled man's quest to visit the Red Planet. Drawing on 45 years of Horizon archive, space expert Dr Kevin Fong presents a documentary on Earth's near neighbour. Man's extraordinary attempts to reach Mars have pushed technological boundaries past their limit and raised the tantalising prospect of establishing human colonies beyond our own planet. While the moon lies 240,000 miles away, Mars is at a distance of 50 million miles. Reaching the moon takes three days, but to land on Mars would take nearly eight months, and only two thirds of the missions to Mars have made it. The BBC has been there to analyse the highs and lows - including the ill-fated British attempt, the Beagle. Horizon has explored how scientists believe the only way to truly understand Mars is to send people there. If and when we do, it will be the most challenging trip humanity has ever undertaken.

In a Horizon special, naturalist Sir David Attenborough investigates whether the world is heading for a population crisis. In his lengthy career, Sir David has watched the human population more than double from 2.5 billion in 1950 to nearly seven billion. He reflects on the profound effects of this rapid growth, both on humans and the environment. While much of the projected growth in human population is likely to come from the developing world, it is the lifestyle enjoyed by many in the West that has the most impact on the planet. Some experts claim that in the UK consumers use as much as two and a half times their fair share of Earth's resources. Sir David examines whether it is the duty of individuals to commit not only to smaller families, but to change the way they live for the sake of humanity and planet Earth.

Dr Susan Jebb takes a look through nearly fifty years of amazing BBC archive of mankind's relationship with what we eat, charting the shift from the malnutrition of the past to today's obesity epidemic. This is the story of our attempt to control nature through the wholesale industrialisation of food production in our search for enough to eat, and the consequences of that massive shift in our diet on the shape of our bodies, and the diseases that kill us. From the BBC's original eccentric scientist Magnus Pyke comparing the virtues of artificial additives to a Beethoven sonata, to the tragic side effects of diet pills, Horizon and the BBC have covered it all. On her journey through the decades, Dr Jebb explores how scientists have played a crucial role both in transforming the way our food is produced, but also in attempting to understand the biological mechanisms that determine why it is that some of us have become so large.

As the Pope ends his visit to Britain, historian Dr Thomas Dixon delves into the BBC's archive to explore the troubled relationship between religion and science. From the creationists of America to the physicists of the Large Hadron Collider, he traces the expansion of scientific knowledge and asks whether there is still room for God in the modern world.

Dallas Campbell delves into the Horizon archive to discover how our understanding of intelligence has transformed over the last century. From early caveman thinkers to computers doing the thinking for us, he discovers the best ways of testing how clever we are - and enhancing it.

Professor Iain Stewart examines the powerful geological forces that unleashed the devastating Japanese earthquake, and explores how the release of this power of the planet brought Japan to the brink of a nuclear meltdown. He follows moment by moment how the earthquake was generated under the Pacific Ocean, travelled to the Japanese mainland, and the rare conditions that unleashed a tsunami. He also reveals the latest science behind earthquakes - from why we can't predict them, to what causes some of them to reach such power. Iain shows why our civilisation has developed such a dangerous relationship with earthquakes, and why millions of us continue to live in earthquake zones across the world.

In 2011, after more than 30 years of service, America's space shuttle will take to the skies for the last time. Its story has been characterised by incredible triumphs, but blighted by devastating tragedies - and the BBC and Horizon have chronicled every step of its career. This unique and poignant Horizon Guide brings together coverage from three decades of programmes to present a biography of the shuttle and to ask what its legacy will be. Will it be remembered as an impressive chapter in human space exploration, or as a fatally flawed white elephant?

Our understanding of the world around us is better now than ever before. But are we any closer to knowing how its all going to end? Dallas Campbell delves into the Horizon archive to discover how scientists have tried to predict an impending apocalypse - from natural disaster to killer disease to asteroid impact - and to ask: when Armageddon arrives, will science be able to save us?

Child psychologist Laverne Antrobus delves into the Horizon archive to find out how science has shaped our approach to parenting and education over the last fifty years. From lessons in motherly love to tough discipline to bribery tactics, she asks what's the best approach when it comes to bringing up children. Laverne also explores how extreme behaviour can sometimes be explained by underlying neurological problems and discovers whether children learn best in a more child-centred environment.

Dallas Campbell explores how mankind's understanding of dinosaurs has developed since the 1970s. He reveals how technological advances led to scientists revising their theories about how the creatures might have lived, as well as gaining new insights into the reasons for their extinction. The presenter also explores the genetic links between modern birds and the prehistoric lizards.

Horizon goes behind the scenes at CERN to follow one of the most epic and expensive scientific quests of all time: the search for the Higgs particle, believed to give mass to everything in our universe. However, the hunt for Higgs is part of a much grander search for how the universe works. It promises to help answer questions like why we exist and is a vital part of a Grand Unified Theory of nature. At the heart of the pursuit of the elusive particle is the same feature that makes snowflakes beautiful and human faces attractive: the simple and enchanting idea of symmetry.

Dallas Campbell looks back through the Horizon archives to find out what science can tell us about our best friend the dog, and whether new thinking should change the way we treat them. From investigating the domestic dog's wild wolf origins to discovering the remarkable impact that humans have had on canine evolution, Dallas explores why our bond with dogs is so strong and how we can best use that to manage them.

Marcus Du Sautoy wants to find out how close we are to creating machines that can think like us: robots or computers that have artificial intelligence. His journey takes him to a strange and bizarre world where AI is now taking shape. Marcus meets two robots who are developing their own private language, and attempts to communicate to them. He discovers how a super computer beat humans at one of the toughest quiz shows on the planet, Jeopardy. And finds out if machines can have creativity and intuition like us. Marcus is worried that if machines can think like us, then he will be out of business. But his conclusion is that AI machines may surprise us with their own distinct way of thinking.

Engineer Jem Stansfield looks back through the Horizon archives to find out how scientists have come to understand and manipulate the materials that built the modern world. Whether it is uncovering new materials or finding fresh uses for those man has known about for centuries, each breakthrough offers a tantalising glimpse of the holy grail of materials science - a substance that is cheap to produce and has the potential to change the world. Jem explores how a series of extraordinary advances has done just that - from superconductors to the silicon revolution.

Kevin Fong looks back through 40 years of Horizon archives to explore what science has revealed about methods of perception. He discovers why babies use touch more than any other sense, how vision can easily be tricked, and the ways technological advancements are getting closer to being able to replace human faculties if they fail.

Is there any way to slow or even prevent the ravages of time? Veteran presenter Johnny Ball looks back over the 45 years that Horizon - and he - have been on air to find out what science has learned about how and why we grow old. Charting developments from macabre early claims of rejuvenation to the latest cutting-edge breakthroughs, Johnny discovers the sense of a personal mission that drives many scientists and asks whether we are really any closer to achieving the dream of immortality.

Horizon goes behind the scenes at NASA as they countdown to the landing of a 2.5 billion-dollar rover on the surface of Mars. In six days time, the nuclear-powered vehicle - the size of a car - will be winched down onto the surface of the Red Planet from a rocket-powered crane. That's if things go according to plan: Mars has become known as the Bermuda Triangle of space because so many missions there have ended in failure. The Curiosity mission is the most audacious - and expensive - attempt to answer the question: is there life on Mars?

Dallas Campbell looks back through almost 50 years of the Horizon archives to chart the scientific breakthroughs that have transformed our understanding of the universe. From Einstein's concept of spacetime to alien planets and extra dimensions, science has revealed a cosmos that is more bizarre and more spectacular than could have ever been imagined. But with every breakthrough, even more intriguing mysteries that lie beyond are found. This great journey of discovery is only just beginning.

Liz Bonnin delves in to the world of invention, revealing the people and technologies set to transform all our lives. She examines the conditions that are promising to make the 21st century a golden age of innovation and meets some of the world's foremost visionaries, mavericks and dreamers. From the entrepreneurs that are driving a new space race, to the Nobel Prize wining scientist leading a nanotech revolution, this is a tour of the people and ideas delivering the world of tomorrow, today.

ransplant surgery has now reached incredible heights, from achieving full face transplants to growing organs in the lab. This Horizon Guide looks back at the extraordinary odds doctors and patients have had to overcome to achieve these amazing breakthroughs. What we now take for granted has been a hard won struggle, both for the patients who were willing to gamble their lives and the doctors who faced ethical and medical dilemmas in the name of progress. Michael Mosley looks through the Horizon archive, identifying the key turning points for transplant surgery to explore how far science can go in its bid to prolong life.

Liz Bonnin delves in to the world of invention, revealing the people and technologies set to transform all our lives. She examines the conditions that are promising to make the 21st century a golden age of innovation and meets some of the world's foremost visionaries, mavericks and dreamers.

Changes in the weather, pesticides, and even a virus have all all been blamed for the ongoing mass deaths of bees Bill Turnbull meets the scientists who are fitting minute radar transponders on to bees to try to find answers.

It was hoped that Comet ISON could be the brightest and most spectacular comet for a generation. After travelling towards the sun for ten thousand years, it appeared to have been disintegrated by the heat and tidal forces of the sun in early December 2013. But ISON's tail of vapourised gas and water, hundreds of millions of kilometres long, may give insights into some of the greatest mysteries of science.

To celebrate its 50th birthday, Horizon invites the public to play a role in tackling the greatest challenges facing science today. This special episode of Horizon launches the £10 million Longitude Prize 2014 - a prize developed by Nesta, with Technology Strategy Board as funding partner, to find solutions to a new scientific challenge.

Liz Bonnin presents a Horizon special about a rare and beautiful event in our solar system, one that we should all be able to see for ourselves - the transit of Venus across the face of the sun. It will start just before midnight of the 5th of June, and won't happen again for more than a century.

Season 1964

Horizon follows the work of R. Buckminster Fuller and his research of the geodesic dome.

Dr. Frank Darling and Dr. Eric Edson discuss different environmental priorities.

A reconstruction of a Michael Faraday lecture last given in December 1860.

Horizon explores the findings of physicists at Brookhaven, Long Island, New York. Who, after two years and thousands of photographs, have identified a predicted new particle which has a unique characteristic: 'strangeness minus three'.

Horizon looks at the work of the National Institute for Medical Research.

Prof. Arthur C. Clarke, Derek Price and Nigel Balchin discuss the past and future of science.

The work of amateur scientists.

Horizon investigates the 'Tots and Quots' and the 'Woodgeries' two groups set up by scientists before the second world war to discuss the future of science and how it effects society.

Horizon takes a look at science in the spirit of Christmas.

Season 1965

At a time when the use of teaching machines is fast expanding, Horizon looks at the principles behind them and enquires into their success

Horizon profiles the Bell Laboratories in the United States. They are one of the most important research and development centers where more than 4000 scientists work with a budget of one hundred million pounds every year. Horizon investigates the possibility of setting up a similar research station in Britain.

Horizon explores American plans to launch a space observatory to map the universe and learn how stars are created.

Horizon looks at the relationship between science and art, and also explores artists attitudes towards science.

Horizon investigates the states of big research computers in Britain. Also, Horizon looks at the H-Bomb Detectors and how British scientists have developed a nuclear explosion detector which has changed the political outlook for nuclear test controls.

Is there a fifth force in the Universe, or must we revise our ideas about time? Horizon visits the Rutherford High Energy Laboratory where an experiment is running to settle this, and talks to Dr. Lipman.

Prof. Andrade presents a tribute to Robert Hooke: architect, astronomer, geologist, and meteorologist who discovered the cell. This episode also includes a report on a 36 year study of the cell wall by Prof. Preston.

Every day, on average, another 431 British women start taking the contraceptive pill. The manufacturers insist that it is the most carefully tested drug on the market today. But some scientists and doctors are concerned about the potential long-term effects of taking it.

Nine years after the passing of the Clean Air Act, where do we stand? Scientists are gradually finding out why dirty air Is so harmful to ill persons with Dr. P. J. Lawther of Air Pollution Research Centre at St. Bartholomew's Hospital. Whenever the things they study are too big, too far off, or too hot to handle, scientists can make a model of these-but can they be sure their models truly represent reality?

When a rubber tyre rolls fast on a wet surface it may rise on a film of water and begin to 'aquaplane.' Scientists are studying this fact which creates a real hazard to aircraft passengers and fast drivers. A new membrane developed in America holds forth the prospect of men being able to live under water.

Horizon looks at Prof. Perry Gilbert's research on captured sharks and meets with the eminent physiologist Sir Henry Dale as he celebrates his 90th birthday and looks back on his career in medical research. The eminent physiologist, who celebrates his ninetieth birthday today, looks back on his first discovery sixty years ago.

Dr. Jacob Bronowski, who a year ago took up the deputy directorship of the Salk Institute in California, discusses with Tom Rosenthal his new activities and how he feels about working in the golden West. The recent total eclipse of the sun was probably the most closely studied ever. With special film from the Pacific, Horizon examines what was done and why. For the first time deaf children can see a visual pattern of their own attempts at speech. In the programme a new machine is shown which may revolutionize the teaching of speech and language to these handicapped children.

This episode of Horizon features Dr. Joseph Needham, an eminent scientist and humanist who is perhaps the greatest living authority on China. An account of the space probe Mariner IV which will be flying past Mars tonight.

Is all science fiction merely fantasy - or can it give valuable clues to the future? A discussion between Desmond Morris and the ethologist George Schaller.

The four men who opened up a new field of physics: Max Born, Paul Dirac, Werner Heisenberg and George Thompson meet and discuss topic with John Charap at the annual science conference in Lindau, Germany.

Professor Harold Edgerton of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, who has won international recognition for his achievements in ultra-high-speed photography, talks about his work and shows some of the remarkable pictures, both still and moving, that he has taken.

Horizon interviews Prof. Andrade about his collection of rare scientific books which he was about to sell.

On the 300th anniversary of Isaac Newton's greatest year of discovery, one of his most ardent disciples, Prof. Julius Summer-Miller, comes from California to illustrate the excitement of seeing Newton's principles in action.

What sort of person can invent a 3-D microscope, a new way of photographing the moon, publish fifty papers on perception, and spend three weeks hunting for a minute sea creature to see how its eyes work? Cambridge psychologist Richard Gregory is a man of many facets. Tonight's film examines his inventiveness—its sources and its products. An M.R.C. team headed by Dr. D. G. Phillips has taken the first step towards answering the vital question: how do enzymes work?

Horizon explores heart attacks and thrombosis.

Horizon probes into the Etruscan tombs in Italy. Carlo Lerici, scientist and archaeologist, has brought past and future together. Using geophysical methods intended for mineral surveying, he has detected 10,000 unknown Etruscan tombs in ten years.

Horizon profiles the scientist, polymath, and Nobel prize winner Prof. Albert Szent-Gyorgi.

A look at some of the huge new radio telescopes which have recently started work in Britain, France, Russia, America, and elsewhere. Sir Bernard Lovell, Professor Martin Ryle, and M. Émile-Jacques Blum explain the scientific motive for this vast expenditure.

Horizon re-stages highlights from Professor C. V. Boys's famous Christmas lectures on bubbles and surface tension which drew crowds to the London Institution sixty-six years ago. Then, a mathematician challenges you to solve some of the puzzles he has invented.

Season 1966

Horizon follows experiments on the eyes being undertaken at the Department of Psychology at the University of Chicago. The purpose of the experiments are to discover if our eyes can tell us things we might prefer to keep secret. In Romania, more than forty thousand people have been given Gerovital H3, in the belief that it will make them younger.

Horizon explores an American mental hospital, observing schizophrenic patients under treatment with remarkable new drugs. The American equivalent of the British Association, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, met in Berkeley, California between Christmas and New Year.

A profile of Dr. Albert Copley, the famous hematologist, who is also known as an accomplished artist under the name of Alcopley. For a country striving to raise its productivity, the supply of applied scientists is tremendously important. Professor S. A. Tobias, an engineer, and Lord Todd, ex-chairman of the Scientific Advisory Council, discuss the problems of educating them and their importance in society.

Horizon looks at the research of dolphins being conducted at a United States naval base in Port Magu, California. The research concentrates on the dolphin's abilities of navigation. The eminent Canadian geologist, Professor Tuzo Wilson, explains his new 'Froth on the Broth' theory of the structure of the earth to David Wilson.

North of Boston, on Route 128, a new industrial landscape based on science is developing. Here men of high intellectual qualifications are developing way-out products, including a helicopter powered by radio waves, a computer which teaches medical diagnosis, and a hair-raising way of testing driving conditions.

A remarkable Swedish film of the gradual development of the human embryo from fertilisation until birth. One man's impression of what science has done for the modern world: an animated film by Stan Vanderbeek.

Horizon looks into inventors who struggle against exploding technology, the buying power of great industries and taxation problems to make their leaps into the unknown. An account of a remarkable surgical operation recently performed in China.

Europe's heritage of pictures, statues, and buildings is being destroyed at a frightening rate by atmospheric pollution, but an American scientist has just invented a method of preserving limestone. In 1908, a vast explosion shook the Tungus district of Siberia: was it due to the biggest meteorite ever to hit the earth, or something odder?

The location of the historic city of Troy was finally pinned down by the researches of Carl Blegen. By A.D. 2,000, more than half the world's population may be living in cities. The population of some of them may exceed 60 million. This is one of the main preoccupations of the World Institute of Ekistics.

Horizon travels to the spacecraft center in Houston, Texas to study astronauts in space and how they react to being in space and the stresses of launching and re-entry.

Horizon looks at the possibilities of landing a man on the planet Mars. The Editors of two leading scientific magazines, Dennis Flanagan of the Scientific American, and Nigel Calder of the New Scientist, discuss with Gordon Rattray Taylor the problems of popularizing science and placing it in a social context.

Gordon Taylor meets with Konrad Lorenz, the inventor of ethology, and interviews him about his work on animal instinct and his theories about human instinct. The world knows all about the uncanny mathematical abilities of the computer. But what happens when these machines learn to draw?

Horizon explores substitute 'phantoms' which are used in radiation studies, manned spaceflight experiments and accident research that gives valuable information on the limits of tolerance on the human body.

Dr. John Gurdon talks about the action of the chromosomes puffing when they undergo intense genetic activity. Sir Solly Zuckerman talks about his new book Scientists and War which outlines his views on the impact of science on affairs civil and military.

Horizon investigates the research conducted in England and America on the problems associated with autistic children.

This episode of Horizon reports on the famous science fiction writer, H. G. Wells. An interview with John Maddox, the new editor of one of the world's most influential scientific journals, Nature, in which he discusses his ideas for bringing up-to-date the magazine's coverage of scientific events.

Horizon reports on the the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Many parents know that their child has a problem but do not have the necessary insight to deal with it. A psychiatrist uses drawings and paintings to reveal children's characters.

Horizon looks at the scientific research being carried out in the Antarctic under the guidance the Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research (SCAR) which was formed in 1856.

Horizon investigates the stresses on athletes.

Christopher Chataway presents a program on the development of the rocket, first as a weapon, and then for the American space program.

Doctors and psychologists talk about the problems inherent in the determination of sex.

This program shows the work of Ernst Chain, one of the discoverers of antibiotics, now a Professor of Biochemistry at the Imperial College in London.

The survival of Britain as an industrial power depends of science and on scientists. But are our scientists paid enough to attract them into the right jobs?

Season 1967

Horizon probes into whether aggressiveness is our birthright and can society live without violence?

Medical advances have made it possible for 'life' to be maintained in an unconscious patient who has irrevocable brain damage and who might also be dependent on artificial aids to circulation and respiration. Is it now meaningless to define 'death' as the cessation of a heart beat? Why do so many people have difficulty In communicating, or in simply getting-on with other people? Psychologists have now begun to analyse aspects of social behaviour in a way which they believe will lead to more pleasant and more effective human relationships.

In this episode, Horizon looks at a new school of mathematics and physics near Novosibirsk in Siberia, Russia. This school uses a competition held for Russian school children to qualify new students.

Horizon profiles the life of the greatest physical scientist: Michael Faraday. Crucial events of his scientific career in science are reconstructed.

Horizon looks at some research recently carried out into the migraine headache and the means to provide treatment for it.

Horizon probes in the danger of germs and infection in the operating theater and the methods currently used to prevent contamination.

Joel, a healthy young American, is reduced to a restless neurotic state after being deprived of his dreams for three nights. Mr Bates, an eighty-four-year-old ex-milk man, has never dreamed in his life, or so he says until he is woken by scientists in the middle of a dream trip to New York.

Will the next major war be fought with biological and chemical weapons? What are the available weapons? What is the horror they can cause? Is there any moral justification for their use?

Horizon explores the part of the human brain devoted to memory.

Horizon reports on the methods being used to irrigate the Negev Desert, making it fertile based on the methods of ancient civilizations.

In this the first of two programmes dealing with cancer, Horizon looks at the intensive search now going on to discover whether a virus is one of the causes of cancer in humans and at the implications of this search in the treatment for such killer diseases as leukemia.

Why is there doubt in so many people's minds about the relationship between lung cancer and smoking? Tonight's programme examines the latest scientific evidence in detail.

Horizon explores the work in the developmental field of Extra Sensory Perception (ESP).

Horizon explores the misconceptions that people have about what hypnosis is and looks at the medical implications of what it can do.

During the human struggles between the British and German air forces ... another conflict was going on step by step, month by month. This was a secret war whose battles were lost or won unknown to the public: and only with difficulty is it comprehended even now by those outside the smalt high scientific circles concerned.

Horizon looks at a Scottish chemist's unusual application for whisky: a measure of radioactive carbon 14 used for determining how old an object is.

Horizon looks into how man is learning to survive in the oceans.

In this episode, Horizon reports on new materials that are being used as art media by gaining inspiration from factory and industrial processes.

Horizon investigates air navigation and flight safety.

Horizon reports on the problem of exterminating the pine processionary caterpillars infestation from the pine forests of Provence, Canada.

Arthur Koestler talks about the psychological theories of creativity and the role of the mind in science and art.

Horizon looks into the life of Ted Serios who claims to have psychic powers and to be able to project images onto film using only his thoughts.

Prof. J. Sumner-Miller asks some questions for enquiring minds on walking, singing, swimming, and flying toys.

Season 1968

Horizon reports on Prof. Sir John Baker who is a distinguished British engineer, tracing his career beginning from his early work on airships.

This episode covers interviews with surgeons and research workers discussing the need for animal experimentation in medical work.

In England addicts get their heroin, and often cocaine, on the National Health Service: our system has prevented the growth of a drug-based criminal world, but Americans say that our system only worked when we did not have a serious addiction problem. Now we do. Does our present system make it too easy for the casual drug experimenter to become a hard-core addict? Is there anything we can learn from the American situation?

Horizon explores the problem of increasing traffic in Britain.

In this episode, Horizon looks into the advances in medical science.

This episode presents the view by G. M. Carstairs, social psychiatrist, about the pleasures and problems of life in Britain in 1968.

Horizon looks into modern methods of crime investigation.

Horizon follows reporter Paul Ferris as he examines the causes and motitives for murder.

This is the story of the life and career of Winston Churchill's scientific advisor, Lord Cherwell, during World War II.

Horizon explores "factory farming" techniques for chickens and other livestock.

In this episode, Dr. Alex Comfort looks at the scientific evidence for old age and the problems caused by ageing.

Horizon investigates how science is used to enhance weapons of war, tactics, and strategy.

In 1917, Russia had fewer than twenty doctors for every million of her people. Today, the figure is over 2,000: almost twice as many as in this country. The organisational changes that were necessary to build a Health Service in the country with the largest share of the earth's surface were vast. The resulting system is very different from ours.

In this episode, Horizon looks into controversial medicine practices in Nigeria.

This episode by Horizon is about Irene Kassorlas, who's new treatment for autism has produced positive results with mute children.

Horizon reports on speech and comprehension disorders in children, and how to educate them.

Horizon explores how computers are changing our way of life.

Horizon reports on the effects of the birth control pill on the body and how the pill can effect the changes in glucose metabolism.

This is the fictional drama about the evidence for and against the charges that Dr. Alfred Noble misused his invention of dynamite.

Horizon explores the possibility that our civilization as a whole can be viewed as a pattern based on the wheel.

In this episode, Horizon investigates the study of science by african americans.

In this episode, Horizon reports on the exploration and survey of the oceans of the world.

Prof. N.W.G. MacIntosh investigates the origin of the Talgai Skull found in Australia in 1886.

In this episode of Horizon, Michael Balfour invites us to share in the mystery and magic of the "Magic Lantern".

Season 1969

Horizon probes into the problems of obesity and investigates cures for obesity using diets and drugs.

A report by Horizon examining animal intelligence and looking at the reasons why no other animal has matched man in mental ability.

Horizon investigates the importance of the eye, diseases of the eye, and current research on sight.

In this episode, Horizon reports on how in the last 2 years, the desert locust has been breeding in Southern Arabia by the Red Sea.

Horizon reports on the problems associated with raising and educating children of very high intelligence.

This episode is a biography of the late professor J. B. S. Haldane whose life is described by his family, friends, and critics.

Horizon looks into music therapy used in the treatment of mental disorders.

This investigation by Horizon centers on the problems caused by venerial disease both in detection and cure.

In scientific circles extra-sensory perception is a subject which has never failed to arouse controversy and skepticism. Cecil King, having spent a lifetime in Fleet Street, discusses, with due caution, a subject which he believes might be of primary importance to scientists in the coming century.

This report by Horizon examines the reason for a fall in the percentage of school children doing science.

This episode of Horizon is about advertising, looking at how it works and the application of scientific methods to persuade us to buy.

Horizon looks into what man has seen and done during 10 years of space exploration.

Horizon investigates new medical techniques to diagnose and treat unborn infants leading to a higher survival rate.

Nicholas Kurti, Professor of Physics at the Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford, specializes in the field of low temperature science. He is acknowledged among his friends as an expert in the kitchen.

This episode of Horizon looks at the communication systems of animals.

Horizon investigates pollution problems in Britain with sewage and industrial wastes, and at the health risks associated with the pollution.

In this episode, Horizon examines our attempts to understand one of the oldest inhabitants of the sea, the shark.

Sebastian Z. de Ferranti gives the Royal Society lecture for 1969 on technological development.

The US spent $40 billion to put man on the moon, yet the real objectives of the space program remain obscure.

Horizon reports on the research being carried out in the fields of botany, astronomy, biochemistry, meteorology, and zoology.

The Honorable A. W. Benn addresses young art and technology students on the implications of increased technology.

The Honorable A. W. Benn addresses young art and technology students on the implications of increased technology.

Schizophrenia is an unsolved mystery of modern medicine. Horizon looks at some of the possible explanations and their relevance not only to schizophrenics but to the mystery of the human mind.

In this episode, Horizon reports on the problems of pain, and the theory put forward that pain is closely connected with personality.

Horizon explores "man's best friend", the dog, and examines its origins and how its special relationship with men came about.

Horizon investigates surveys being carried out on British children to test Freud's theories.

In this episode, Roman Vishniac talks about his study of living things in their natural habitat as his life's work.

Horizon reports on the research into high-energy physics carried on at C.E.R.N. laboratory located near Geneva, Switzerland.

The props for this programme are pistols, muskets and, above all, explosives. For 30 years now these are what Colonel Brian Shaw, marksman and lecturer in chemistry, has been using in his now famous lecture on explosives. He gave it once again for Horizon before an invited audience at University College, London.

A report on current research into cancer and the subsequent knowledge and problems it brings.

For some time now rhinos have been disturbing the workers in the Tanzanian sugar plantation and ripping open the plastic water pipes to get at the water. These incidents, and the hunting of the rhinos by helicopter, are typical of the increasing conflict between wildlife and man for land in East Africa.

Horizon investigates the limits of survival under extreme and normal environmental conditions.

Horizon reports on the development of the Dutch nation's continuing fight against the encroachment of the sea.

Horizon investigates how drinking affects human behavior.

Horizon covers a simulated war game of a Middle East crisis, with different teams playing the roles of the major parties involved.

Horizon explores the problem of feeding the growing world population.

Horizon investigate the dilemma of whether a scientist should put his loyalty to mankind before his loyalty to his country.

Season 1970

This episode of Horizon centers on the study of the moon rock samples brought back to the earth by the Apollo 11 flight to the moon.

Horizon investigates the history of the life and work of Sir Henry Royce, co-founder of the firm Rolls Royce Royce.

This is the first part of a two-part episode on diseases afflicting people today. Horizon looks at the issue of stress on the body.

This is the second part of a two-part episode on diseases afflicting people today. Horizon looks at the causes of coronary heart disease and modern techniques of treatment and cure.

Horizon exams the current scientific research into human sexual behavior.

In this episode, Horizon reports on how much of the sea coast around Britain is becoming polluted.

This episode deals with the problems of infertility and showing the investigations being carried out.

Sir Bernard Spilsbury, a forensic pathologist, talks about the role of the scientific witness in the criminal courts.

A look at some of the work carried out in Britain into the development of new materials for industry.

This episode of Horizon looks at the question of the treatment of criminals in Britain.

Horizon reports on the Mental Health Service in Britain.

This episode surrounds the two channels of human communication - verbal and non-verbal.

A Horizon investigation into the research done in Britain and the USA to support the 'Continental Drift' theory.

This episode of Horizon looks at the National Health Service of Britain and the enormous demands that are imposed on it.

This report by Horizon looks into meteorological research in Britain and America.

An investigation by Horizon reveals information about the use of artificial additives and preservatives in the manufacture of modern processed foods.

On this episode of Horizon, the science behind the cosmetic industry and the social and psychological importance of beauty and fragrance is revealed.

This a a report by Horizon on the research in the USA and Canada into the habits of the wolf in its natural surroundings and in captivity.

Horizon explores the use and role of statistics in modern society and how they are needed for planning.

Horizon reveals new evidence found by archaeologists that have now traced our origins back to the extinct ape man of Africa.

In this episode, Horizon reports on how the TV series "Man and Science Today" compares the British National Health System with the private health system in the USA.

The population explosion of the Crown of Thorns starfish is investigated by Horizon.

Horizon brings you the history and modern day functions of the Natural History museum in Kensington, Britain.

This is an episode on problems dealing with viral diseases such as measles.

Horizon looks at the work of scientists as they unravel the problems of providing us with water.

In this story, Horizon investigates the issue of controversial animal experiments between anti-vivisectionists and scientists.

Horizon reports on the future of 30,000 children in Britain that are mentally retarded.

Horizon reports on the work of the British Nature Conservancy and how scientists are trying to find out about nature.

This episode of Horizon reports on the revolution in the size of oil tankers showing present and future planned methods of construction.

Horizon looks at problems caused by the rapid reproduction rate of insects and their increasing resistance to pesticides.

Horizon reports on Professor Claude Levi-Strauss who has been studying and analyzing the so-called primitive man for more than 30 years.

This episode of Horizon investigates the history of tanks in the last fifty years and the dominant role they have played in land warfare.

In this story, Horizon investigates the artificial intelligence of computers by watching a chess game.

Horizon examines some of the techniques used by the boom industry of Management Selection.

Horizon investigates the work of geologists and seismologists trying to predict the date of the next great earthquake in San Francisco, California.

Horizon reports on some of the pure scientific research work carried out at the Smithsonian Tropical Research institute.

This episode by Horizon is a dramatized reconstruction from original transcripts of the inquiry into the Tay Bridge disaster.

Season 1971

In this episode, Horizon looks a the efforts of zoos to save animal species from extinction by breeding enough to ensure their survival in captivity

In this episode, Horizon looks at the renowned British hospital for children, Great Ormond Street, and the Institute of Child Health.

Horizon explores the island of New Guinea and its cultural changes going on there.

This episode of Horizon looks at the growing arsenal of nuclear weapons over the last 25 years and the effects it has on the arms race.

The first of a two-programme investigation in which Horizon and Man Alive have combined forces. This episode investigates the facts about drug abuse and experimental work undertaken in this area.

Kuru is a unique disease of the people of New Guinea. Horizon goes with Prof. E. J. Field to find out why.

Horizon interviews ecologists that claim that man is irrevocably destroying its habitat.

Horizon investigates medical student training at the St. Thomas hospital in London, England.

Horizon explores the causes, and looks for way to prevent car accidents

This report by Horizon looks at the long term ecological study of the forest at Wytham Wood, Oxon, in England.

In 1971, Horizon reviews the life and work of Prof. Hans Eysnck, the most controversial psychologists of the time.

This report by Horizon explores care for the aged, for both medical and welfare services in Britain.

Horizon reports on the famous protagonist of "The Origin of Species," Thomas Henry Huxley.

This episode of Horizon examines how cells organize to become complex organs, and bodies.

At the moment, legal abortions in the UK are being performed at the rate of over 90,000 a year and it is considered that the number is likely to rise. But why are so many people not prepared to use contraceptives? Are the contraceptives themselves at fault or is it part of a deep-rooted attitude to sex? A drug is now being tested which makes it possible for a woman to procure her own abortion in the first few weeks of pregnancy.

Horizon reports on food technology now experimenting with meat substitutes.

Within 20 years vertical take-off airliners could be hovering over Hampstead and Dulwich before landing, one a minute, day and night, at a Thames-side V-port. Horizon looks at what could be one of the great environmental debates of the century to have, or not to have, aircraft flying in and out of city centres.

Horizon investigates how to treat depressive illneses.

This episode of Horizon reports on the development of the aircraft bomber throughout periods of war.

Horizon explores the field of palaeontology, the study of dinosaurs.

This episode of Horizon looks at Britain's civil defense program, and to see if it is adequate in the event of a nuclear war.

Horizon investigates rheumatism, and looks at why this disease is under-researched.

Can new born babies solve complex problems? Horizon works with psychologists to see how they measure this capacity.

Do city planners in Liverpool have unrealistic expectations? Horizon looks into the development and planning process of Liverpool, England.

This is a two part episode of Horizon. First, Horizon looks at the life of centenary Ernest Rutherford, followed by a report of the Cavendish Labratory in Cambridge, England.

Horizon explores a primitive tribe of Yanomamo Indians living in southern Venezula.

This episode of Horizon looks in the ancient cave paintings found in France.

This episode of Horizon reports on how the Crab Nebula was discovered, and continuing observation of the space encounter.

Horizon reports on the continuing problem of the city of Venice, Italy sinking into the sea.

This report by Horizon is about Prof. Hean Piaget and her child center education theory.

Horizon presents the history of the submarines, from pre-World War I to today's nuclear powered submarines.

This episode of Horizon investigates strange new inventions.

Season 1972

In this episode of Horizon, you find out how feasible it is to build a 35 mile long tunnel between Britain and France.

Horizon explores the American Navajo indian tribe of New Mexico, in the United States.

Why do humans have such a poor sense of smell as compared to animals? Horizon investigates why.

This story by Horizon reports on Malaria in the country of Gambia, in West Africa.

Horizon investigates reports of strange phenomena and about what the scientific theory is about these phenomena.

Horizon explores if a doctor's treatment of the patient is always in the best interest of the patient.

In this episode, Horizon looks the the ecological movement, and the resistance against the movement in Britain, and the USA.

In this report by Horizon, the effect of boring jobs on industrial relations is looked at, along with work and job satisfaction.

Horizon looks at the life of whales and dolphins, and how they interact with man.

Horizon investigates the various conceptions of "race" that have arisen since the 17th century.

Horizon investigates the use of hydroelectric power in Africa, at Lake Kariba, Lake Volta, and Lake Nasser.

This episode of Horizon follows the expedition of two German naturalists exploring the Northwestern desert of the Sahara in Africa.

This story by Horizon is about American research into techniques for controlling bodily functions with the mind.

In this report, Horizon looks at the various aspects of volcanoes and explaining the views of some vulcanologists.

Horizon presents a study of Thomas Alva Edison and his achievements as an inventor.

Horizon reviews the history of train accidents and the new safety precautions to prevent them.

Horizon investigates the threat to the Snowdonia National Park in Britain, from mining companies.

Horizon reports on modern research in the prevention of tooth decay.

How do muscles contract and how are they are controlled from the brain through nerve fibers are the subjects of this Horizon episode.

This episode of Horizon explores bacteria and other creatures that live on our skin and in our hair.

In this episode by Horizon, we take a look at sexual problems, particularly for impotence, frigidity, and premature ejaculation.

Horizon explores the development and techniques of brain surgery from the 1950's to present-day in Britain and the USA.

Horizon reconstructs a day in the life of the old Charing Cross Hospital in Britain just fifty years ago.

This episode of Horizon looks the how the ice age physically shaped the British landscape.

This episode of Horizon illustrates the ideas of Prof. W.G. Hoskins on the development of the English landscape from Iron Age times to the present.

Horizon reports that High Energy Physics shows a pattern of thought that challenges the very roots of commonplace belief.

This episode of Horizon is about the east coast marshes of America, called the "Wetlands" and the effects of urban development on the wildlife.

Horizon investigates the research that is going into the ageing process to find out its causes and possible prevention.

This epidsode of Horizon reports on how a group of zoologists at Oxford Scientific Films in England makes films.

Horizon documents fire prevention, and fire fighting.

This episode of Horizon centers on the exploitation of oil in Alaska, and the effects of it on the Eskimoes and the local wildlife.

Horizon reports on people suffering from kidney diseases and the current forms of treatment.

Horizon documents how in Europe, they are using water canals for industrial transport, as an alternative to roads.

Season 1973

Horizon examines sources of infection that have, and could still, cause epidemics in Britain.

This episode of Horizon features Immanuel Velikovsky and his theories about the solar system.

Horizon examines the doctrines and military strategies of the rival alliances of NATO and the Warsaw Pact countries.

Horizon looks into the problem of deafness in Britain.

A jewel robbery, a hit-and-run, and the Case of the Skeleton in the Sand Dunes illustrate the work of forensic scientists and the police they assist. How do they discover the characteristics of an individual bullet as it enters a body? How are blood stains identified or microscopic flakes of paint? How do voiceprints and lie-detectors work? The crime labs of Britain and America have different priorities and different techniques. Each can learn from the other. They also have different success rates. Britain's is currently better. But how long can we hold out against a rapidly rising tide of drugs and violence? What can we learn from American experience?

How easy is it to get sterilized? Should there be abortion on demand? Do we need a free contraceptive service? Our average family size is 2.5. To avoid a social and population crisis it needs to be 2.1. Aberdeen, one of the few cities to have a fully comprehensive family planning service, has already successfully cut its birth rate. The Government plan to withdraw this kind of free service. But, in the light of Aberdeen's success, should the Government be made to reconsider?

In this documentary by Horizon, we look at chemical warfare and the associated environmental problems that have given science a bad name.

Horizon explores how to make the future livable and prevent the effects of urban sprawl.

Horizon explains acupuncture theories and examines its validity in modern medicine.

Horizon illustrates the Circadian Cycle of your body clock as it relates to physical and mental efficiency.

In this episode, Horizon investigates the chances of survival and chances of a normal life for babies who are born underweight.

This Horizon documentary shows the work of the Cambridge Coral Starfish Research Group off of Port Sudan in the Red Sea.

In this report, Horizon studies the problem of backache and investigates some remarkable new spine research.

Horizon covers Heathrow Airport in England and in particular, the work which is being done to make it safe.

Horizon looks at the phenomena of memory and some recent discoveries about it made by scientists.

Horizon investigates the various ways of dealing with the growing problem of garbage.

In the episode, Horizon investigates modern intensive farming methods.

Horizon takes a realistic look at the new ideas and technology threatening Britain's railway system.

In this Horizon documentary, it deals with the expansion of television in Britain and the USA, especially with the growth of cable television.

In this episode of Horizon, you will find that many people suffer chronic pain and yet others cannot feel anything.

This report by Horizon examines the work of Sir Alister Hardy who has set up a research unit to examine religious experience.

Horizon presents a portrait of Konrad Lorenz and a review of his career and personal interests.

This episode of Horizon takes a look at the medical and educational treatment of spastics in Britain.

Horizon presents a documentary on the developments in botany resulting in new flowers and the mass production of plants from single cells.

In this episode of Horizon, Prof. John Taylor of the London University looks at the effects of gravity and the forces it exerts on the universe.

Horizon investigates the plight of the Pygmies, on the verge of extinction as a racial group.

This Horizon documentary is a biography of the Danish nuclear physicist, Nils Bohr, and his efforts to internationally control atomic energy.

Horizon looks at the rise in the number of people who smoke and the real health risks.

In this report, Horizon investigates why airplanes crash and shows accident investigators at work analyzing a film of an actual crash.

This episode of Horizon documents the sources, uses, and properties of the element mercury and examines its role in modern society.

Can we ever hope to wipe out diseases like influenza and small-pox? Will our weather get better - or worse? Is it possible to grow anything useful on large areas of moorland in this country? Diseases, climate and soil structure alter so slowly that patterns in them can only be found by studying how they've changed over hundreds and thousands of years. Dating methods, which slot all the changes into place, are the most important scientific tools for analyzing the past. And the news they give can advise - and warn - us about the future.

Horizon reports on the inhabitants islands east of New Guinea who have evolved a system of intercommunication called the Kula.

Season 1974

This episode of Horizon explains how our body fights infections and cancers and brings us up-to-date on recent research in immunology.

This episode of Horizon is about various experiments on migratory birds and homing pigeons to try and discover how they navigate.

Horizon reports on the British Open University and how it operates.

Horizon investigates how Britain has hunted fish in the past and how improved fish catching techniques have severely reduced fish stocks.

This episode of Horizon is about the history of the bicycle and the possibility of it being able to ease the traffic problems in Britain.

In this episode, Horizon looks at connections between crime and poor housing design in the USA.

Horizon investigates reports of abuse of the Colorado river in the USA.

Horizon examines the British Hudson Institute's methods and predictions for the future of economics.

In this Horizon episode, we look at attempts by scientists to solve the energy crisis of future by building nuclear fusion reactors.

In this report, Prof. John Maynard Smith looks back at some of the subjects Horizon has presented since 1964.

Horizon looks back at the discovery and the development of anesthesia.

This Horizon episode is about the search for quarks, thought to be the substance of which electrons, protons, and neutrons are made of.

Horizon investigates captive animal breeding to prevent extinction of animal species in the wild.

Horizon reports on bridges in safe are they?

Documentary about the origins of life which attempts to find out what happened in the one billion years before fossil evidence begins.

Horizon investigates the subject of sleep in Britain and the USA.

In this episode of Horizon, you learn about transferring the basis of modern industry production from human skills to computer programmed machines.

In this report, Horizon presents the state of hill farming in Wales.

This documentary of Horizon reports on the discovery of the structure of DNA in 1953 by Dr. Francis Crick and Prof. James Watson.

In this episode, Horizon reports on the rising number of imigrant doctors working in the National Health System of Britain.

Horizon explores the technological and economic reasons for the mining revival in Britain.

Horizon reports on the beef crisis and rising prices.

Horizon brings you a report by Tom Harrison on anti-nazi propaganda in Britain during World War II.

This episode of Horizon investigates the role that hormones play in the stages of mammalian sexual development.

Horizon investigates some of the risks and problems involved in bringing oil from the North Sea ashore.

This report by Horizon explores how far people are prepared to suppress their own moral scruples in the face of necessity to obey authority.

Horizons reviews the scientific work of Americans in the field of research in communication with animals.

Horizon presents Dr. Schumacher's theory that use of modern technology could make the working week a creative experience.

Sixty years ago a Dutch scientist discovered a phenomenon that overturned the electrical rule book. By cooling certain metals to incredibly low temperatures he found they could continue to carry an electric current for ever, even when the power supply was switched off. Today, developments of these metals - called superconductors-have led to trains that fly, magnets that could depollute rivers and machines that promise cheaper power.

This story by Horizon reconstructs the true life story of Joey Deacon.

Horizon investigates the developments and research in forestry which may now help to overcome shortage of timber.

This documentary by Horizon reports on the development of cinematographic special effects from 1890's to date.

Horizon presents a dramatized documentary on the rise to power of Trofim Denisovich Lysenko, a young Ukrainian agriculturalist.

Season 1975

This investigative report by Horizon covers an investigation into the deaths of people who inhaled asbestos dust at Acre Mill, Yorkshire, England.

Horizon investigates the growing tendency in hospitals in Britain to induce childbirth by injecting the hormone oxytocin into expectant mothers.

This episode of Horizon examines the problems of ship safety in the English Channel.

Horizon investigates the symptoms of menopause and the various degrees in which it occurs.

This episode of Horizon shows the peril to man of the ever increasing dog population in the western world.

By the end of 1974, Mars, Venus, Mercury and Jupiter had all been visited by spacecraft. For the first time scientists saw in sharp detail the continents, mountains, valleys and volcanoes of other worlds. Tonight's programme shows how these geological features give clues to the way the planets evolved; how they have helped scientists in their attempt to reach back 5,000 million years to understand the formation of the solar system itself.

This report by Horizon covers an investigation by a group of Australian scientists that looks into the origins and history of the Australian Aborigines.

This report by Horizon describes the resistance to antibiotics, fast growing in all countries, and the dangers it could mean for the future.

Horizon investigates the life and work of the great engineer, Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

Horizon explores the effect of fibre in diet on the diseases of western world.

Horizon presents an investigation into the effects on health of lead in the urban atmosphere.

This is a Horizon report on the building of the British military deterrent from the first decision to make it in 1941 until the present state of lethargy.

This episode of Horizon follows the progress of Benjamin Pile, born on 22 November, 1974, at Oxford in Britain.

This report by Horizon covers an experiment at McMaster University Medical School, in Ontario, Canada.

Horizon investigates the attempts by the University of Newcastle in England to define and create an ideal living and working environment.

Horizon explores the psychology of music, as it explains why music has such a powerful emotive effect in every society.

This report by Horizon brings you scientists that are using Antarctica as a giant natural lab to study who has polluted Earth most; man or nature.

Horizon investigates the discovery of gaseous anaesthetic from 1840 until the early years of 20th century.

Horizon reports on the history of superconductivity, from discovery, to the present.

In this documentary, Horizon reports on the reading process; how it works for the fluent, and how it should be taught.

This episode of Horizon describes the various aspects of the pollution problem of the Mediterranean Sea.

In this Horizon episode, Rene Thom's mathematical discovery of the catastrophe theory is investigated.

This documentary by Horizon commemorates the dropping of the A-bomb on Hiroshima, Japan on August 6, 1945.

Horizon takes a look at the history of cannabis and the research on the effects of smoking marijuana.

This is a report by Horizon on Transcendental Meditation, or TM, brought to the West by the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi.

This documentary by Horizon is about the Trobriand islanders, whose culture is based on the Kula, a communication system of giving and receiving.

Season 1976

Horizon investigates heart transplant research and techniques perfected and currently used by Dr. Norman Shumway in Britain.

This episode of Horizon is about symbiosis - the close association between two or more species for their mutual benefit.

Horizon reports on the country of Tanzania, a country that spends only one dollar per person on health services, and more than half of all children born there die before the age of five.

This episode of Horizon explores what actually happens inside our bodies using new optical techniques.

Horizon examines the projected expansion of the coal mining industry.

In this episode of Horizon, we look at the need for confidence in the doctor to patient relationship.

Horizon investigates the mysterious Bermuda Triangle.

Horizon traces back the origins and development of the pre-Incan Chimu civilization of Peru.

This documentary by Horizon takes a look at the shark, the supreme predator of the sea.

Horizon reports on enzymes and the way they are being put on work in the industry and medicine fields.

This is a Horizon reconstruction of the trial of Dr. Kenneth Edelin who was arrested after performing an abortion in 1973.

This Horizon reports is about Margaret Mead, who at age 74, is one of America's most influential social scientists.

Horizon investigates the developments in and the treatment of schizophrenia.

This report by Horizon investigates the aggressive and oppressive history of the Mescalero and Chiricuhua Apache Indians of New Mexico in the USA.

This Horizon documentary investigates the ways that the blind and partially blind are aided.

Horizon explores the comparative research study into progressive versus formal primary school teaching in the UK.

This episode of Horizon delves in the research into the causes for, and the methods of eradicating 'cot deaths' in Britain.

Horizon looks at food production in Peru today.

This is a Horizon documentary on how a widow faces the last day of her husband's life and the story of three other people who know they only have a short time to live.

Horizon investigates a local authority residential home in Wandsworth, Britain, for emotionally disturbed children.

In the episode, Horizon explores the history of man's understanding of the sun's structure and observations in recent years.

Horizon looks at today's precision guided weapons.

Horizon makes an investigation into claims by a group of scientists who theorize that dinosaurs were not actaully cold-blooded reptiles, but hot-blooded, like mammals.

This is an investigative report by Horizon that shows how the Equity Funding Corp. of America produced two billion dollars worth of phoney insurance.

This Horizon documentary explores animal behavior. Animals do not act for the good of their own species, rather for the preservation of their own genes.

This episode of Horizon is about infertility and the state of British scientific research in this area.

Horizon reports on Pacific Ocean fishermen who are famous for their extraordinary fishing skills. They catch fish with a kite and a tassel of spiders webs.

This is a Horizon documentary about six people who have each lost someone very close, as they describe their progress through grief.

Horizon looks at new developments in computer technology that have made mass surveillance possible, and also its political misuse.

This Horizon episode is about the actual King Arthur's Round Table, which hangs in the Hall of Winchester Castle, Hants, Britain.

Season 1977

Horizon documents the life of crocodiles and alligators, and their breeding and exploitation.

Horizon traces the history of the oral contraceptive pill through the last 60 years as told by its pioneers.

Horizon looks at how recent excavations in Africa have changed the accepted ideas of man's origins and age.

Horizon investigates Sociobiology, which is a study of human social behaviour based on zoological research into animal behaviour.

In this episode, Horizon explores how animal experiments are carried out in Britain.

Horizon presents a story that depicts an astonishingly harsh way of life of the Netsilik Eskimos whose whole life is based on seal hunting.

This story by Horizon traces the efforts of astronomers and scientists through history to prove the existence of life on Mars.

Horizon looks at an ecological study of the Ythan estuary in Scotland.

In this episode, Horizon investigates research into solar energy in the USA, Japan, and the UK.

Horizon explores the debate on human genetic engineering.

BBC television documentary which explores, using live-action dramatisation, the life's work of Sir Isaac Newton, emphasising his sources of inspiration.

In this episode, Horizon looks at how, despite the high costs of the National Health System of Britain, more money doesn't mean better health.

This Horizon report is about Prof. Hubert Montagner and his study of non-verbal communication in young children, along with his findings.

Horizon makes an investigation into plant biology.

This is a report by Horizon on the successful clean-up of the River Thames in Britain.

This Horizon episode reports on research by scientists into identifying a system of markers, such as tissue types on blood cells, which indicate the human being's vulnerability to a whole range of diseases like multiple sclerosis and diabetes, and the possibilities this presents for preventive medicine.

Horizon presents a profile on one of the UK's leading pathologists, Keith Simpson.

This Horizon episode examines the growing British problem of attempted suicide by an overdose of drugs.

Horizon presents evidence that links the drought cycle with the number of magnetically-hyperactive sunspots.

Horizon presents the story of how the river Rhine has defended itself against progress.

Horizon presents a report on the prize offered to the first person who could fly a prescribed figure of eight course.

This episode of Horizon is a dramatized reconstruction of breakdown of Carl Gustav Jung on the road to insanity.

Horizon explores a new science-based revolution in the production of wine.

Season 1978

Horizon investigates how biologists and engineers are pooling their ideas to understand how nature's machines work.

In this episode, Horizon examines the need for an objective approach to land management in Britain.

Horizon explores community and residential services available to the elderly in South Hampton, England.

Horizon presents a report on zero gravity and the effects of weightlessness in spacecraft on humans.

Develops the theory that four and a half thousand million years ago the earth was formed thanks to the explosion of a huge star which provided the rocks, the minerals and the radioactivity from which life developed. These theories are based partly on analysis of a meteorite which dropped near a village in Mexico at the beginning of the seventies.

Horizon reports on last three attempts to build a lighthouse on the Eddystone Rocks, near Plymouth.

Horizon presents a documentary on the development of the Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation device, or more commonly know as the Laser.

Horizon investigates the reasons for poverty in Britain today, now with seven million on at the poverty line.

About the applications and implications for the future, particularly the effects on the labour market, of microprocessors.

In this episode, Horizon explores the after effects of a stroke when there is a sudden stoppage of blood to the human brain.

Horizon investigates the race to the moon between the USA and Russia and questions the motives behind the space race.

This episode of Horizon is about the tsetse fly which rules most of Africa and why much of the fertile land can't in Africa can't be used because of the dangerous insect.

Horizon explores the history of evidence used to support the Big Bang Theory of the creation of the universe.

In this episode, Horizon explains some of the research in multiple sclerosis and how the lives of MS sufferers are affected.

Horizon presents a brief history of the French railways and the policy behind their future direction.

This documentary by Horizon is about six school children taking 'O' levels exams and inter science in Britain.

Horizon looks at the implications of exploiting Manganese nodules which are scattered over the seabed.

Horizon investigates the composition and structure of the membrane that surround individual cells.

In this documentary, Horizon examines all sides of the Canadian Harpseal hunt issue and asks if it is really necessary.

Horizon explores an experimental medical school in Israel where students are trained primarily to care for people.

Horizon explores the years of research that have enabled divers to go to greater and greater ocean depth.

In this story, Horizon takes a look at the world's leading hibernation research projects.

In this episode, Horizon examines the current developments in electrotherapy.

Horizon takes a look at the changing behaviour of individual animals in a herd of red deer on the Isle of Rhum.

Season 1979

Horizon presents an investigation into the potential and problems of using hydrogen as an alternative to existing fuels.

In this program, Horizon looks at the effort and money spent on the horse to produce the perfect specimen.

Horizon follows the discovery of a chemical in the brain which has morphine-like properties.

Horizon presents the history and research into the uses of sugar.

In this documentary by Horizon, you are shown a revolution in archaeological dating has shown that metal technology was invented in Europe.

Horizon explores the current state of research into the development of artificial replacements for various parts of the body.

Horizon reports about the attempts to bring about cooperation between the Mediterranean countries to combat pollution of their seas.

In this episode, Horizon looks at Britain's methods and plans for nuclear waste management and disposal of the fuel elements.

Horizon presents a documentary that shows how part of the Amazon river area around the Rio Jari was developed with rice and forestry.

This is a Horizon documentary about Liam Hudson, noted psychologist at Brunel University as he challenges modern psychologists.

Horizon examines the work of Dr. Lennart Nilsson who has filmed the complete arterial system of the human body.

This episode of Horizon looks at the recent scientific research into how humans become male or female.

This Horizon documentary is about the increasing use of robots in industry, and the robot's abilities and weaknesses.

Horizon explores the effect of the Mexican oil boom on the country itself and world energy situation.

Horizon investigates the environmental protection program going on in the state of Oregon in the USA. Oregon is the first state to clean up it's environment.

In this episode, Horizon reports on the need to consider more aerodynamic designs for cars to improve fuel economy.

Horizon presents a report on the research into diabetes to determine its causes, controlling measures, and the prevention of complications.

Horizon takes a trip down the Jonglei Canal which is under construction in Sudan and reports on the changes the new canal will bring to the country, and the rest of the world.

This Horizon documentary describes the complete history and design of motorcycles which have significantly evolved over the past 80 years.

This report by Horizon is about current research into the physical and psychological effects of touch, and the effects of touch deprivation.

Horizon investigates how the British landscape is changing its appearance with native trees being replaced by imported species.

Horizon examines the development of the relatively new science of x-ray astronomy.

This Horizon episode is all about Uranium; its history, the use of uranium for nuclear energy, the dangers of uranium, and the scarcity of the mineral.

Horizon explores current research into the causes and cure for obesity.

In this episode by Horizon, G. R. Taylor presents his personal view of science based on previous Horizon episode clips from the 1970's.

Season 1980

Documentary examination of the causes and conditions of the sinking of the Amoco Cadiz oil-tanker, in 1978.

Documentary examination on the process of ageing and some things that can be done about the problems of senility in old people.

Documentary which looks at the danger points in flying an airliner on a routine flight from Gatwick to Los Angeles. Danger points are identified and we see research into airtraffic control, aircraft design, the role of the stewardess, avoiding mid-air collisions, electronic flight desks, whirlwind vortices and a new fuel additive that may virtually eliminate the instant conflagrations.

Documentary on the ways in which athletes from different countries prepare for the Olympic Games and the artificial methods of improving performance, drugs and physiological methods

Documentary film on cancer research in the remote Chinese valley of Lin Xian where the population suffers more than 100 times the incidence of oesophagal cancer than normal.

About Interferon, a drug made from human blood cells, thought to be capable of controlling viruses and cancer

Explores the potential in recycling rubbish in terms of energy and other resources

Documentary on the space voyages of Nasa robot space craft Voyager 1 & 2 and their photographic records of the planet Jupiter.

Documentary report on the mounting evidence of the horrifying effects of the use of dioxin as a defoliant in Vietnam and as a herbicide in domestic use on both humans and all other living beings.

Looks at what is known about the earth's magnetic field, how it affects the world's organisms and in particular at recent research in this field.

Documentary on the "information revolution" the advances made in the methods of electronic storage and display of information, and the effects of these advances on democracy, language, national boundaries, bureaucracy and privacy.

Investigates various virus infections ranging from smallpox and rabies down to influenza and the common cold. The way they function and the reasons the body builds up resistance to some and not to others.

Astronomers are seen at work in the UK, Arizona, Hawaii, New Mexico and Australia, describing their discoveries about the galaxies beyond the Milky Way.

Documentary about industrial design and the effect it has on the look of everyday life. Dieter Rams, Tom Woolfe, Etore Sottsass and Raymond Loewy are among the designers talking about their work .

Looks at the contrasts in Kenya between the tourist image and the hardship caused by development. In particular, considers the lives of three family groups native to the country and the poverty they are forced to live in by the Kenyan economy geared to the West.

The new perspectives which can be gained on the natural world through time-lapse and high-speed photography. Includes footage of droplets of water merging in mid-air, a bullet spiralling up its barrel toward you, a wet dog shaking its fur, flowers bursting open, starfish scurrying on the sea floor, and spark plugs spreading their fire.

Documentary about London Transport and the decline in its services over the year s. It receives less subsidy than an comparable transport system in the world, but would more GLC aid improve the service?

Explains, within a historical context, how Israel and Jordan are trying to make use of the Dead Sea. Its mineral-rich waters are being harnessed by scientists and engineers to produce such diverse products as protein, potash and cheap energy .

Documentary on nuclear energy and the efforts of scientists to contain and control the high risk factors involved with plutonium and uranium.

Documentary about smoking and about the secondary effects of it. Britain leads the world in smoking deaths at 200 per day. The film looks at prognosis of deat h and at the chances of those who give up smoking of dying of the effects.

Documentary looking at the scientific facts about the growing cult of Astrology. In this report, Horizon looks at the way astrology has evolved and examines statistical evidence to evaluate its credibility.

Documentary on the twenty-five year old experimental industrial set-up in the Spanish city of Mondragon where most of the factories and laboratories are co-operativetively owned and run by a workers committee.

Documentary about epilepsy, showing epileptic fits as they occur and explaining what the onlooker should and should not do. Sufferers describe their experiences of the disease and consultant neurologist and psychiatrist, Dr. Peter Fenwick, offers a scientific interpretation.

Documentary on the slatemaking industry of North Wales, now a dying craft, and the people involved with it.

Chronicles the efforts of geologists throughout the summer of 1980 to study the recently erupted volcano Mt. Saint Helens in Washington State, USA.

Season 1981

Horizon presents a portrait of the renowned economist John Maynard Keynes, Cambridge Don, and Bloomsbury intellectual.

This episode of Horizon is about holistic medicine, health for the whole person, which uses unorthodox therapies.

Horizon explores the research of Egyptian doctors in trying to control bilharzia, a disease caused by parasitic worms.

Horizon investigates the reports about a number of scientists who do not conform to contemporary scientific theories.

Horizon investigates the care given to the terminally ill by hospices.

In this episode, Horizon presents a portrait of Dr. Edward Teller, whose opinions about nuclear war are highly controversial.

Horizon reports on the changing role of the community midwife in Britain as more births take place in hospital.

A group of scientists are trying to solve public utility problems in Mysore, India.

Horizon examines the design of Formula One racing cars with a particular reference to the aerodynamic 'skirt'.

Horizon explores probabilities of whether we have any intelligent neighbors in space.

Horizon presents a documentary on deaf children and their struggle to learn the sign language.

In this episode, Horizon explores the new evolutionary theory that there are sudden, vs. gradual, evolutionary changes from one species to another.

This show is a Horizon documentary about the training by two doctors from India, Rajnikant and Mabelle Arole, who are trying to combat the curable diseases. These diseases are common killers in Indian communities. Also, a report on Salubai, one of these native health workers and her work at Kamkhed in Western India.

Horizon presents a two part documentary on NASA's unmanned Voyager 1 spacecraft and the data it has sent back from the planets Jupiter and Saturn.

Horizon presents the second episode of a two part documentary on NASA's unmanned Voyager 1 spacecraft and the data it has sent back from the planets Jupiter and Saturn.

In this documentary on nuclear energy, Horizon looks at three experts with regard to the prospect of a nuclear power station sited for construction near where they live.

Horizon investigates Legionnaires disease and the research being carried out in the USA to try find a cause and cure.

In this story, Horizon follows the efforts of two mothers who attempt gain control over their very disobedient children.

Horizon presents a followup episode of Gentlemen, Lift Up Your Skirts, covering the Formula One racing season while investigating the way the William's racing team fought the fierce competition of the French and Italian racings teams by finding ways around new rulings to make their cars first on the grid.

Horizon reports on the conflict between the farmers and the conservationists over the English countryside.

Horizon presents a two part documentary looking at the science and technology inside the Soviet Union. In this episode, we look at why the Russians might need to import a chemical processing plant from the UK and computers from the USA when they have a quarter of the world's scientists and still give science and research the highest priority.

This is the second part of the Horizon documentary on the Soviet Union. In this report, we examine the basis for the space arms race between USA and USSR. Are the US efforts for the extensive space defense system to match the Russians based on a misconception of the USSR war effort from space?

Horizon investigates theories about the mystery of why the dinosaurs disappeared 65 million years ago.

Richard Feymann was one of the most brilliant theoretical physicists and original thinkers or the 20th century. He rebuilt the theory of quantum electrodynamics, and it was for this work that he won the Nobel Prize in 1965. In this documentary he talks about his motivations to be a scientist and a teacher of science.

Horizon explores the Common Agricultural Policy of the EEC that produces mountains of food. We look at the position which many European farmers occupy in western European economies which leads to the creation of overproduction of agricultural products. Do they need to reform the policy?

Horizon reports on the efforts of the British Advanced Passenger Train (APT) engineering team trying to prepare the new APT for its first run.

Horizon presents a documentary on the advances of computer graphics and its multiple uses in simulating reality in industry and science. It looks at the manipulation of 3-D images to paint, animate, design, and test scientific hypothesis.

Season 1982

Profile of the snake, which presents a close-up look at how it kills and digests it's prey. Also shows how snake venom could be used in the treatment of many human ailments.

An examination of computer-based communication aids for the severely speech impaired. Follows the trip to America of Dick Boydell, a cerebral palsy sufferer without the power of speech. At the Artificial Language Research Laboratory in Michigan, he tries out some of the machines developed the re to help him find his own voice.

Documentary which looks at the wildlife of Pleasant Bay in New England marshland s of the Eastern USA, and their habitat.

Horizon explores what might happen when fossil fuel sources are depleted.

Horizon documents how every one of us is owned and operated by other individuals; by hordes of hidden organisms.

Documentary on the first recorded instance of genetic engineering being carried out on a human, when in 1980, Dr. Martin Cline from Los Angeles operated on a 21 year old Israeli girl in Jerusalem to renew her defective blood system by implanting human genes. The programme examines the difficult ethical and moral questions surrounding the field of genetic manipulation and looks at the future of gene therapy.

Documentary which looks at the way in which disease in the world fights back against modern scientific methods of controlling it, looking at the example of the eradication of Malaria from Sri Lanka, and recent measures to eradicate it again

An examination of the use of Depo-Provera in the Third World. The contraceptive is injected and prevents pregnancy for three months, but it is banned in the U.S. because of the risk of cancer. Looks at its use in Thailand.

Documentary which looks at the psychological effects of kidnapping and imprisonment on the victims,based on the psychological characteristics shown by former concentration camp victims 30 years after the end of their ordeal.

Examines the prospects for Japanese economic supremacy in the 1990s and asks whether Japan will be able to compete in the development of new technologies or whether it will continue to look to the West for technological innovation. Also considers whether the Japanese education system stifles creativity.

Documentary which looks at the boom in private medicine in GB and at the effects of this on the National Health Service in the country.

Documentary which looks at the outbreak of a new disease in Spain in 1981 which has affected 17,000 people, killing 300, and the confusion which remains as to its causes. Although adulterated olive oil sold by unscrupulous businessmen is thought to be partly to blame, no-one seems sure to what extent.

Documentary which shows the human reproductive cycle from conception to birth, through the use of microscopic cameras within the human body.

Documentary which looks at the phenomenon of the Unidentified Flying Object and the possible explanations behind their sighting and observation by mankind.

Documentary about acid rain. The effects of various forms of pollution caused by processes of everyday life, including the contamination of rain by the burning of coal and oil. Written by Jeremy Taylor.

A look at current research into the causes and effects of divorce in the Western world.

Documentary which looks at the great advances in the performance of ante-natal operations on the human foetus and the implications of these technical facilities for patient and health services and allocation of resources to this sort of medicine.

Oxford moral philosopher Jonathan Glover introduces some of the new developments in genetic engineering, looks at the future possibilities of human genetic engineering and outlines the ethical questions raised by these new techniques.

An informal portrait of Prof. Ian McColl at work in Guy's Hospital, London, and in Kent. He discusses what makes a good surgeon; how he teaches his students to talk to their future patients; and how much a patient should be told about what is going to happen in the operating theatre.

Traces the evolution of the helicopter, using rare archive footage of early pioneering flights. Also examines the latest research within the industry, and, with the aid of graphics, produces a glimpse of the helicopter of the future

Documentary on the discussions at the second UN Environment Conference,in London in 1982,illustrating the points made in the debates on the possible future of the planet.

Documentary about the little known Yugoslav-American scientist Nikola Tesla, whose experiments with electricity and wireless foreshadowed the discoveries of Edison and Marconi. Some of his most spectacular experiments are recreated by the programme's presenter Robert Syme.

Season 1983

Horizon investigates if Britain should build a United States designed nuclear power station that uses a pressurized water reactor at its core.

Horizon presents a report by Dr. Alison Jolly who discusses the country of Madagascar, just off of the west coast of Africa. Madagascar's ecology and conservation programs are in conflict with most third world economies.

Horizon brings you a report about the discovery of two new, and unimaginably short-lived, subatomic particles called "W" and "Z".

Horizon examines some of the effects that moderate amounts of alcohol can have on the body.

In the Horizon documentary, we look new ways of using computers in classroom and to what effect computers in our schools will have in future.

Horizon investigates the way girls and boys were taught science and related subjects at schools.

Horizon reports on the state of scientific research in Britain and the past blunders of the National Research Development Council.

In this Horizon documentary, we look back at the event surrounding the near extermination of the North American bison (buffalo) in the 1880's.

The Horizon episode is about the Carsington Aqueduct Scheme in Derbyshire, England, and the massive excavation problems encountered during construction.

Horizon presents a look at the current research into artificial computer intelligence.

Horizon looks at the mental problem of schizophrenia and how madness is medically diagnosed.

In this episode, Horizon investigates the nuclear accident which took place in the United States at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant during March 1979.

In this report, Horizon looks at the spread of the AIDS virus in the United States and their search for the cause and cure of the deadly disease.

n this documentary, Horizon investigates the power of the mind for psychic phenomena; telepathy, clairvoyance, precognition, and psychokinesis.

Horizon investigates the current research into development and use of an artificial heart.

This report by Horizon examines the experiments of Joseph Priestly on blood and oxygen in photosynthesis.

This episode of Horizon features Prof. Stephen Hawking and how he copes with his severe disability, his scientific career, and his relationship with his students.

Horizon presents a discussion on the use of animals for experiments.

Looks at different ways of teaching a foreign language and contrasts them with the way babies and young children pick up their native language, without formal teaching.

Horizon examines how the government of China presents the "one child per family" population policy to the people.

Horizon investigates today's research into earthquakes and the usefulness of the findings.

Horizon presents this documentary on how Britain deals with its mentally ill criminal offenders.

In this report, Horizon outlines the latest research into cancer with specific reference to oncogenes.

Horizon follows group of men and women going through basic training in Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) methods at the Academy in the United States.

Season 1984

Sir Cyril Burt died in 1971, the most eminent psychologist of his age. Within two years the most bitter and disturbing scientific controversy since Piltdown Man saw Burt accused of lifelong faking and manipulation of phoney data. How and why was Burt allowed to get away with this?

Horizon looks at the research advances in physics and technology of microelectronics.

This episode of Horizon looks at the role of scientists in agriculture throughout the Third World countries.

Horizon examines the various ways of committing computer fraud and at the efforts to prevent it and preserve our privacy.

In this documentary, Horizon examines the work at an archaeological project in the Cusichaca Valley, Peru.

Horizon presents this report on parasites, their life styles, and the diseases they cause in Third World countries.

Horizon investigates the life for various civilizations along the river Waveney in east Angola.

Horizon presents a report on current research and trends in facial reconstructive surgery.

In this documentary, Horizon reconstructs a therapy session where a man imprisoned for incest meets his family for first time in two and one half years.

Horizon investigates the linguistic potential of non-human species.

In the documentary, Horizon reports on the life of slime moulds and how they provides clues to cell differentiation.